Revue de Presse

Global Systemic Crisis

  • wort Where Europe meets China: The Balkan Silk Road - Paolo Balmas explores the European Union’s increasing wariness of China’s huge programme for infrastructural development across Eurasia. European Commission President Jean-Claude Junker’s warning in his recent State of the Union speech that foreign direct investment (FDI) in the European Union (EU) should be made “with transparency, scrutiny and debate” was directed mainly towards China and its aggressive acquisition strategy in Europe. Junker’s warning followed a call from German, French and Italian leaders this summer to find ways to “screen investments” from third parties and preceded an increasingly protectionist posture, which has led to the decision, on September 27, to issue an anti-dumping duty for Chinese-imported barium carbonate. Concerns have been growing within the EU since 2013, when Chinese President Xi Jinping unveiled a huge programme for infrastructural development across Eurasia, ... Lire
  • junker Juncker’s euro-push could risk unity, warns eastern flank - The idea of herding central and eastern European countries into the core of the EU by urging them to join the euro by 2019, has so far created little momentum among non-eurozone member states. European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker said in his state of the union address last month that all EU countries (who do not have an opt-out) should join the single currency by 2019. The EU executive will put forward concrete proposals on 6 December, including financial incentives provided by a new assistance instrument for non-euro EU countries. But in effect, what the EU Commission sees as an invitation to avoid further fragmentation, countries such as Hungary and Poland interpret as political pressure, risking increased divisions. “Some actors would like to use the eurozone reform as a very ... Lire
  • reuters Arab rivalries exposed as Egypt targets Qatar in UNESCO vote - Arab states may want their turn at the helm of UNESCO, but the barbs hurled by Egypt at rival candidate Qatar during the vote highlights the fractious geopolitics paralyzing the workings of the U.N. cultural agency. The Paris-based body is known for designating World Heritage sites like the ancient city of Palmyra in Syria and Grand Canyon National Park, but it has struggled for relevance as it becomes increasingly hobbled by regional rivalries and a lack of money. After two days of a secret ballot that could run until Friday, Qatar’s Hamad bin Abdulaziz al-Kawari leads France’s Audrey Azoulay and Egyptian hopeful Moushira Khattab. Three other candidates, including from Lebanon, trail. The row between Qatar and Egypt has its roots in the crisis engulfing Qatar and its Gulf Arab neighbors ... Lire
  • ft How companies draw on science fiction - Please use the sharing tools found via the email icon at the top of articles. Copying articles to share with others is a breach of FT.com T&Cs and Copyright Policy. Email licensing@ft.com to buy additional rights. Subscribers may share up to 10 or 20 articles per month using the gift article service. More information can be found here. https://www.ft.com/content/f603e438-a4ba-11e7-9e4f-7f5e6a7c98a2 In 1964 Sir Arthur C Clark stood in front of a BBC camera and predicted that by the year 2000 people would be able to communicate instantly with their friends, even when they had no idea where they were. The author of 2001: A Space Odyssey described a world where distance was no obstacle, and business could be conducted as easily from Haiti or Bali as from London.  Yet the man ... Lire
  • weforum Sweden could stop using cash by 2023 - Sweden is moving away from cash in favor of cards and mobile payment apps. According to a new study, the nation is on track to leave cash behind completely by 2023, though retailers expect to still accept cash for a couple more years after that. Is cash dead? Have you noticed that, over the years, you’ve begun to use your cards or mobile pay apps much more frequently than cash? You’re not alone in this, and this trend has been on the rise in other countries around the world. In China, for example, cash is quickly on its way out, with mobile payments doubling in the last year. Sweden has also been forgoing cash an at increasing rate over the last several years, and experts predict that it’s only a short matter of ... Lire
  • euobs New Dutch government wants ‘more EU’ on migration, climate - The new Dutch coalition government programme, presented on Tuesday (10 October), said the Netherlands is “inseparable” from the European Union. It said that migration, climate change, and cross-border crime can only be tackled if the EU takes “a more active role”. Tuesday’s presentation came 209 days after Dutch elections resulted in a highly-fragmented parliament, which required a four-party coalition. Prime minister Mark Rutte will lead his third cabinet. His Liberals have teamed up with the centre-right Christian Democrats, the centrist D66, and the evangelical Christian Union. D66 is staunchly pro-European, while Christian Union has always been quite sceptical of European integration. While the Christan Democrats sit in the European Parliament with the establishment group, the European People’s Party, its Dutch leader, Sybrand Buma, has in recent years presented himself as a figure increasingly critical of ... Lire
  • timesofisrael In Austria, rise of pro-Israel, far-right faction forces Israel into corner - As Austria heads to the ballot boxes on Sunday, projections show a far-right opposition party accused of having neo-Nazi sympathies is likely to become a junior party in the next coalition government. Despite Israel blackballing the party thus far, insiders say the faction’s rise could lead to a drastic improvement of Austrian-Israeli diplomatic relations. Some even see the new government in Vienna moving its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, though most peg the chances of that as slim. As Austria heads to the ballot boxes on Sunday, projections show a far-right opposition party accused of having neo-Nazi sympathies is likely to become a junior party in the next coalition government. Despite Israel blackballing the party thus far, insiders say the faction’s rise could lead to a drastic improvement of Austrian-Israeli diplomatic ... Lire
  • atlantic Iranian Foreign Minister: ‘Arab Affairs Are Iran’s Business’ - Iranians live in a troubled and unstable region. We cannot change geography, but our neighborhood was not always so stormy. Without delving too far back into history—although as an ancient peoples our memories are measured in millennia, not decades or even centuries—it’s safe to say that our region began to experience insecurity and instability when foreign, indeed completely alien powers, arrived and began interfering. The discovery of oil, a drug the West soon became addicted to, only strengthened colonial power projection into our region, and subsequently Cold War rivalry—both major factors in the U.S. and U.K. decision to overthrow the legitimate and democratic government of Iran in 1953—provided the fodder for further meddling by foreign powers and superpowers. Today, what that meddling has wrought is a fractured Middle East. Steadfast allies of ... Lire
  • conversion Le maintien de la paix, version ONU : radiographie d’une impuissance - En matière de maintien de la paix, les Nations unies sont maintenant au pied du mur. Lors de la réunion de l’Assemblée générale de l’ONU en septembre, l’administration américaine – son principal bailleur de fonds – a annoncé la réduction de sa contribution de 1,3 milliard et a défini une nouvelle politique par la voix du vice-président Mike Pence : « En bref, quand une mission sera couronnée de succès, nous y mettrons un terme. Si elle n’atteint pas les objectifs fixés, nous la remanierons. Et si une opération se solde par des échecs répétés, nous y mettrons un terme  ». Avec un budget de 7,8 milliards et 15 missions qui semblent sans fin, l’ONU est mise en demeure de réduire le nombre de Casques bleus qui émargent à son budget, quelque 95 000 aujourd’hui. Évidemment, vue d’Afrique, cette ... Lire
  • euobs Catalan leader postpones independence - Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont said that the region “has won the right to be independent”, but stopped short of unilaterally declaring secession from Spain in a plea for dialogue. “The ballot boxes, the only language we understand, say yes to independence. And this is the route I am committed to traveling,” he told the Catalan parliament on Tuesday (10 October), in a much awaited speech nine days after the 1 October independence referendum. “Arriving at this historic moment,” he said, “I take it upon myself to say … that the people have determined that Catalonia should become an independent state in the form of a republic.” He added, however, that he would ask the Catalan parliament to “suspend” the declaration of independence “so that in the coming weeks we may ... Lire
  • german elections Comments on the German elections – “The East Strikes Back”? (by Christel Hahn) - The first point to be observed is that the result of the elections is very different from the latest polls. The CDU was given to 37% and it ended to 33%, while the AfD was given around 10% and ended to 13%. There is a problem with polling lately, polling with a new party (AfD) is inaccurate and it does not take in consideration the very strong social media campaigns the last days, like the one conducted by the AfD against Merkel. (Example for the last-minute-message of this campaign: “Merkel herself asks for her own voting out, because she asks to only vote for constitutional parties, but she is the one who broke the constitution by letting refugees in”… ). AfD’s popularity? There was a general survey directly after the ... Lire
  • gu Dutch politicians ‘ready to form government’ 208 days after election - Nearly seven months after they voted in an election on 15 March, Dutch voters are to get a new government this week, local media have reported. The prime minister, Mark Rutte, is expected to present a rocky four-party coalition to parliament on Monday, 208 days after his liberal VVD party won the March polls. If approved by MPs, the government’s plans will be officially presented on Tuesday – making the negotiations the longest to form a new government in modern Dutch history. “We will all go to our political groups, but I think there is a good agreement to form a government,” Rutte told reporters in The Hague. But cementing a stable marriage between Rutte’s business-friendly VVD, the progressive D66 and two Christian parties, the relatively moderate CDA and the far ... Lire
  • A customer stands at an ATM of the 'Banco Sabadell', the fifth-largest banking group in Spain, the day on which it will announce the relocation of its headquarters from Catalonia to Alicante in the Valencian Community, in Barcelona, Spain, 05 October 2017. The Catalan regional government said it is on the move to declare independence on 09 October 2017. Photo: Matthias Oesterle/ZUMA Wire/dpa Catalan separatists under pressure from business - Catalonia’s independence plans have come under more pressure from the financial sector, with banks deciding to move their HQs and ratings agencies downgrading the region. On Thursday, the Sabadell bank, Spain’s fifth largest, decided to move from Barcelona to Alicante, saying it needed to protect the interests of its clients, depositors and shareholders. The bank has lost almost 15 percent of its value on the markets over the last week. Another bank, CaixaBank – Catalonia’s main bank and Spain’s third biggest bank – is expected to take the same decision on Friday and move from Barcelona to Palma de Mallorca or Madrid. Also on Friday, the Spanish government is expected to issue a decree that will allow companies based in Catalonia to move out of the region without holding a ... Lire
  • abe Inside Abe’s election gamble - Four years after telling traders at the New York Stock Exchange to “buy my Abenomics,” Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe returned to Wall Street last month to give an update on his progress. Sounding like a man limbering up for the campaign trail, Abe proudly rattled off a list of statistics that showed how much has improved in Japan’s economy since his last visit. “Economic growth has risen for six consecutive quarters — something that has not happened in 11 years,” he said. The percentage of listed companies with two or more independent outside directors has risen to 88%, up from a mere 17% five years ago. The numbers are there. Unemployment is just 2.8%, down from 4.0%. If traders had listened to the Japanese leader in 2013 and invested ... Lire
  • Poland , Warsaw  FRONTEX office are located in this building Frontex puts down roots in Poland - When entering the Frontex office, it feels like going into any multinational company’s building, like Google, for instance. On an outdoor patio and inside the ultra modern building, groups of people from different European countries are conversing in English, in their different native accents. To enter, however, you have to pass through a security gate, which looks more restrictive than what you see at the airport – a reminder that it is a law enforcement agency. The Frontex offices are currently located in the new Warsaw Spire office complex in the city’s Wola district. There, you can see some of the most original new buildings in Poland’s capital, and some of the most chic and prestigious office spaces in the city. Inside the building, the corridors are modern and bright, ... Lire
  • gu Ripples from Catalan referendum could extend beyond Spain - The Spanish government’s attempted suppression of Catalonia’s independence referendum by brute force has raised urgent questions for fellow EU membersabout Spain’s adherence to democratic norms, 42 years after the death of the fascist dictator, Francisco Franco. Charles Michel, Belgium’s prime minister, spoke for many in Europe when he tweeted: “Violence can never be the answer!” Madrid’s pugnacious stance, while widely condemned as a gross and shameful over-reaction, has nevertheless sent a problematic message to would-be secessionists everywhere. It is that peaceful campaigns in line with the UN charter’s universal right to self-determination, campaigns that eschew violence and rely on conventional political means, are ultimately doomed to fail. In other words, violence is the only answer. Sorry, Charles. Spain’s prime minister, Mariano Rajoy, did everything he could to derail a referendum that ... Lire
  • 05dw France to enshrine some state of emergency measures into law - France’s new anti-terror bill will allow police to continue to carry out house raids without a warrant and restrict suspects’ movement. Rights advocates decried the bill, but it met with little public resistance. France’s lower house of parliament on Tuesday voted overwhelmingly in favor a new anti-terrorism bill, taking several measures in place under a 2-year-old state of emergency and enshrining them permanently into law. The new law will bolster French police’s search and surveillance powers, allow suspected terror sympathizers to be confined to their residences or neighborhoods and make it easier for authorities to close mosques suspected of preaching hatred — all without seeking prior permission from a judge. Lower house legislators adopted the bill by a margin of 415 to 127, with 19 abstentions. It was approved by the upper house Senate in July ... Lire
  • Poland , Warsaw  FRONTEX office are located in this building Frontex puts down roots in Poland - When entering the Frontex office, it feels like going into any multinational company’s building, like Google, for instance. On an outdoor patio and inside the ultra modern building, groups of people from different European countries are conversing in English, in their different native accents. To enter, however, you have to pass through a security gate, which looks more restrictive than what you see at the airport – a reminder that it is a law enforcement agency. The Frontex offices are currently located in the new Warsaw Spire office complex in the city’s Wola district. There, you can see some of the most original new buildings in Poland’s capital, and some of the most chic and prestigious office spaces in the city. Inside the building, the corridors are modern and bright, ... Lire
  • 04dw Over 100,000 stranded after Monarch airline shuts down - The UK is struggling to repatriate some 110,000 people after the country’s Monarch airline stopped operating its flights. The government asked the aviation authority to provide planes to transport British citizens home. Some 110,000 passengers are believed to be stuck abroad as the UK-based budget Monarch airline announced all of its flights and holidays have been “canceled and are no longer operating.” “I am truly sorry that it has ended like this,” the company’s CEO Andrew Swaffield told employees in a message. “I am so sorry that thousands now face a canceled holiday or trip, possible delays getting home and huge inconvenience as a result of our failure.” Britain’s Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) said it was chartering 30 aircraft to bring back stranded holidaymakers “at no cost to them.” The first planes, transporting ... Lire
  • chinadaily Growth of middle class means major changes for China - Substance, not style, increasingly important for nation’s shoppers China’s middle class is expanding at an unprecedented pace. According to McKinsey & Co, by 2020 more than three-quarters of China’s urban consumers will earn 60,000 yuan to 229,000 yuan ($9,037 to $34,495) per year. That translates into nearly 400 million people who are considered by the consultancy to fall into the middle-class category. And thanks to a surging number of higher-paying jobs in service and technology industries, 54 percent of them will be classified as “upper middle” class, meaning they have an annual income between 106,000 yuan and 229,000 yuan. Beneath the topline figures are some significant shifts in consumption dynamics. Using income as the only indicator of spending habits allows some information to slip through the cracks… Read more : ... Lire
  • 03dw Turkish inflation again accelerates in September - The annual inflation rate in Turkey rose for the second month in a row and is now over 11 percent, well above the government’s 5-percent target. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan blames high interest rates. Turkey’s annualized inflation rate rose to 11.2 percent in September, the state-run statistics agency Turkstat reported on Tuesday, with the costs of education and transportation seeing the biggest monthly gains. The overall increase was slightly below market expectations, but shows a return to higher costs, after a period earlier this year in which the inflation rate dipped into single digits. However, there was a significant increase in core inflation, which hit its highest levels since February 2004, according to QNB-Finansbank. “What is even more concerning is that the upward trend will likely extend to the upcoming months,” according to ... Lire
  • 02bloom U.S. Missile Defense Gets $400 Million After North Korea Threats - Congressional defense committees have approved shifting more than $400 million from other accounts into missile defense programs to clear the way for more ground-based interceptors, sensors and upgrades to Navy anti-missile vessels in the face of threats led by North Korea. Boeing Co., Raytheon Co. and Orbital ATK Inc. are likely to be the top beneficiaries. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis disclosed the approval Tuesday during a Senate hearing on Afghanistan. He said he requested approval to shift, or “reprogram,” unspent funds for fiscal 2017 totaling $440 million from accounts such as Army wartime operations and maintenance. A formal six-page request listed $416 million of the total. The shift of funds reflects a growing determination at the Pentagon and in Congress to bolster missile defenses as North Korea vows to perfect nuclear missiles that ... Lire
  • 01blom JPMorgan Tops Mideast Bond Deals as Borrowing Binge Sets Record - It’s a bumper bond harvest in the Middle East and North Africa, with governments raking in $23.5 billion in the past week alone. Not only do the sales boost 2017’s offerings to a new record, it also firms up JPMorgan Chase & Co.’s lead as the region’s top manager for a second straight year. Abu Dhabi’s $10 billion sale Tuesday followed Jordan’s $1 billion transaction on Monday, and Saudi Arabia’s $12.5 billion issue last week, the biggest sovereign deal in emerging markets this year. JPMorgan was among the banks marketing all three… Read more : Bloomberg, 03.10.2017
  • 01dw EU-NATO hybrid threat center launched in Finland - The EU and NATO have teamed up in Europe’s far north to fight hybrid threats from “tweets to tanks”. A new center of excellence focuses on resilience to menaces from little green men to huge humanitarian catastrophes. Hybrid threats require hybrid resistance and now the European Union and NATO have established their first joint center to counter the multifaceted menaces to the stability of their members. Finland is the host of the new European Center of Excellence (CoE) for Countering Hybrid Threats, a facility officially inaugurated by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg and EU High Representative Federica Mogherini. Read more: NATO in Europe needs ‘military Schengen’ NATO already has two dozen accredited centers of excellence, but this is the EU’s first and the first to link the two organizations. Eleven European nations, including Finland, ... Lire
  • leap “BRICS, SWIFT, Currencies… A GEAB reader’s comment on our last bulletin!” - It goes without saying,  that there are several prerequisites for national currencies usage: reliable economic and financial developments, economic demand of the currency, ability of the national currency to perform as the money abroad (payments, savings, exchange base, etc.), low level of transaction costs (favorable conditions for relations), legislation, that supports the access of foreign investors to financial markets of integrated groups, the image of the country. Actually, Chinese RMB is one of such currencies of BRICS integrated alliance. At the same time all national currencies of member countries, backed by economic requirements are widely used according to malty-national agreements. In BRICS expert community active debates on the possibility and feasibility of alternative BRICS banking system are in progress; consultations on the establishment of a multilateral system of information similar ... Lire
  • (From left to right, first row) French Prime Minister Francois Fillon; German Chancellor Angela Merkel; Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte; Russian President Dmitry Medvedev; and European Union Energy Commissioner Guenther Oettinger turn a wheel to symbolically start the flow of gas through Line 1 of the Nord Stream twin pipeline system. (From left to right, back row) Dr. Johannes Teyssen, Chairman of the Board of Management, E.ON AG; Alexei Miller, Deputy Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chairman of the Management Committee of OAO Gazprom; Dr. Kurt Bock, Chairman of the Board of Executive Directors, BASF SE; and Erwin Sellering, Minister President of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. EU lawyers give Russia pipeline a free pass - EU lawyers have shot holes in the European Commission’s bid to regulate a new Russia-Germany gas pipeline – Nord Stream 2 (NS2). The opinion, by the legal service of the EU Council, where member states meet, said the Commission’s legal arguments were flawed and that it had no competence to muscle in on the project. The opinion, leaked by Politico, an news website, was “ammo for [pro-Nord Stream 2] lobbyists”, one expert said. It also showed how powerful member states, such as Germany, “manipulated” EU decisions, another expert said. The Council opinion, dated 27 September, took aim at an earlier Commission document, seen by EUobserver. That Commission paper had said Nord Stream 2 could distort EU energy markets in Russia’s favour by making Ukraine’s gas transit network obsolete. It said the pipeline’s ... Lire
  • zzx U.S. Sees ‘Four or Five’ Ways to Resolve North Korean Crisis - The U.S. has gamed out four or five different scenarios for how the crisis with North Korea will be resolved, and “some are uglier than others,” National Security Adviser H.R. McMaster said as tensions remain high between the two countries. While McMaster said the threat from Pyongyang is “much further advanced” than anticipated and the Pentagon said the president has a “deep arsenal” to draw upon if needed, U.S. officials dismissed North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho’s comment that President Donald Trump’s warnings to Pyongyang at the United Nations amounted to a declaration of war. “We’ve not declared war on North Korea,” White House spokeswoman Sarah Sanders said Monday. “And frankly the suggestion of that is absurd. We continue to seek the peaceful denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.” Both governments have ... Lire
  • China scraps rules for foreign firms - China has abolished administrative rules for approval and management of representative offices of foreign companies, saying that the move is aimed at ensuring an open and fair business environment for foreign enterprises. The move comes after complaints from foreign enterprises and business associations that China has not delivered on long-standing promises of more openness and a fairer market, and it was announced just weeks before the upcoming 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), so further concrete measures are probably coming, a former top official and other experts said. The Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM) said in a document on Monday that it has scrapped administrative rules for the establishment and management of representative offices of foreign companies in China. The decision was approved on August 21 and went into ... Lire
  • cnbc Oil rises 26 cents, settling at $52.14, after surprise drop in US crude stockpiles - Global oil prices fell on Wednesday while U.S. crude rallied, after crude stockpiles unexpectedly drew with refiners coming back online following Hurricane Harvey last month. U.S. crude for November delivery ended Wednesday’s session up 26 cents at $52.14, but stayed below five-month highs. Brent crude futures were down 68 cents, or 1.2 percent, at $57.76 a barrel by 1:38 p.m. ET (1838 GMT), slipping from 26-month highs. Both benchmarks remained on track for monthly gains on stronger demand as refiners along the U.S. Gulf Coast ramped up production after Harvey crippled capacity. U.S. crude inventories fell by 1.8 million barrels in the week to Sept. 22, the U.S. Energy Department said. Analysts had forecast an increase of 3.4 million barrels… Read more : CNBC, 26.09.2017
  • Flüchtlinge, die kurz zuvor mit einem Zug angekommen sind, jubeln am 06.09.2015 auf dem Hauptbahnhof in München (Bayern) auf einem Bahnsteig. Foto: Sven Hoppe/dpa +++(c) dpa - Bildfunk+++ Redefining Europe and the Europeans - Traveling through Germany in the run-up to its federal election on September 24, one cannot help but be struck by the lingering signs of profound trauma from the 2015 refugee crisis. Suddenly and virtually without warning, nearly a million desperate people – mostly Syrians fleeing the carnage in their homeland – flocked to Germany. And while Germany may be Europe’s most bureaucratically well-managed country, even it was overwhelmed. German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s response to the crisis two years ago was to throw out the rulebook and open her country’s borders. She famously told the German people, “Wir schaffen das” (We can do it). But German public opinion today suggests that the country has become warier of such bold gestures. Yes, Germany did it, because there was no alternative; and many ... Lire
  • uber Uber threatens to leave if Quebec insists on stricter rules - Uber is threatening to cease operations in Quebec next month if the province doesn’t back down on new, stricter rules regulating the ride-hailing service. Jean-Nicolas Guillemette, director general of Uber Quebec, said the service will shut down Oct. 14 if nothing changes. On that date last year, the two sides agreed to a pilot project that allowed the ride-hailing company to operate. Quebec Transport Minister Laurent Lessard agreed to renew that pilot project last Friday, but with stricter conditions including a requirement that drivers undergo 35 hours of training, the same amount as traditional taxi drivers. Guillemette said Tuesday Uber wasn’t consulted about the changes, which they consider to be major, and that the requirement is too much for drivers who only work part time. “What the [Transport] Ministry has announced is an attempt to impose old rules on a new technological model,” he told a news conference. Quebec ... Lire
  • German Chancellor Angela Merkel attends the opening ceremony of the G20 Summit in Hangzhou, China, September 4, 2016. REUTERS/Nicolas Asfonri/Pool Merkel survives election ‘earthquake’ - Angela Merkel looks set to rule Germany for another four years together with liberals and greens, but there is a new troublemaker – the far-right AfD party – on the scene. The likely coalition emerged after exit polls on Sunday (24 September) said Merkel’s centre-right CDU/CSU party won with 32.5 percent and the centre-left SPD got its worst result in decades with 20 percent. Both mainstream parties lost dozens of seats, paving the way for the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) party to burst into parliament with 13.5 percent. In some segments, for instance in the state of Saxony, or among men in the former East Germany, the AfD came top. The liberal Free Democratic Party (FDP) made a comeback with 10.5 percent after four years out of the Bundestag. ... Lire
  • Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov (2L), British ambassador Karen Pierce (3L),British politician Alistair Burt (4L), US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson (6L) European Union foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini (4R), Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif (2R) and other officials attend the Joint Commission meeting hosted by European Union at the United Nations headquarters in New York on September 20, 2017.  / AFP PHOTO / POOL / Craig Ruttle / ìThe erroneous mention[s] appearing in the metadata of this photo by Craig Ruttle has been modified in AFP systems in the following manner: [Alistair Burt] instead of [Rex Tillerson]. Please immediately remove the erroneous mention[s] from all your online services and delete it (them) from your servers. If you have been authorized by AFP to distribute it (them) to third parties, please ensure that the same actions are carried out by them. Failure to promptly comply with these instructions will entail liability on your part for any continued or post notification usage. Therefore we thank you very much for all your attention and prompt action. We are sorry for the inconvenience this notification may cause and remain at your disposal for any further information you may require.î EU and US increasingly divided over Iran nuclear deal - The European Union’s foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said on Wednesday that all parties to the landmark 2015 nuclear deal between Iran and world powers were complying with the agreement. However, US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has said Washington continues to have “significant issues” with the Iran nuclear deal, suggesting a growing rift between the EU and the US. Mogherini, who spoke at the United Nations after a meeting among the parties, said that any issues outside the scope of the nuclear deal should be dealt with in a different forum. She added that the United States, which has questioned the value of the deal, agreed that Iran was in full compliance of the agreement. “We all agreed that all sides are fulfilling their commitments,” Mogherini told reporters at ... Lire
  • eubusiness Digital economy must gear up for EU tax reform - The EU Commission launched its agenda to reform taxation of online business Thursday, paving the way for a legislative proposal on EU rules for taxation of profits in the digital economy. The effective tax rate of digital companies in the EU is estimated to be half that of traditional companies – and often much less. The Communication adopted by the Commission sets out the challenges EU Member States currently face on this issue and outlines possible solutions. While acknowledging that the growing digitalisation of the economy creates important economic opportunities, Euro Commissioner Valdis Dombrovskis said: “tax systems should evolve to capture new business models while being fair, efficient and future-proof. It’s also a question of sustainability of our tax revenues as traditional tax sources come under strain.” … Read more ... Lire
  • trump Trump Warned Saudis Off Military Move on Qatar - Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates considered military action in the early stages of their ongoing dispute with Qatar before Donald Trump called leaders of both countries and warned them to back off, according to two people familiar with the U.S. president’s discussions. The Saudis and Emiratis were looking at ways to remove the Qatari regime, which they accused of sponsoring terrorism and cozying up to Iran, according to the people, who asked not to be identified because the discussions were confidential. Trump told Saudi and U.A.E. leaders that any military action would trigger a crisis across the Middle East that would only benefit Iran, one of the people said… More recently, the Trump administration has quietly sent high-level messages to Saudi Arabia and the U.A.E. to try to defuse ... Lire
  • Plus de 50 pays, défiant les Grands, signent un traité interdisant l’arme nucléaire - Une cinquantaine de pays, Brésil en tête, ont lancé mercredi à l’ONU la signature d’un traité bannissant l’arme atomique, malgré le boycott des puissances nucléaires qui invoquent la menace nord-coréenne pour dénoncer la naïveté du texte. Le traité, élaboré en quelques mois, a été adopté en juillet par 122 pays. Il entrera en vigueur dès lors qu’il aura été ratifié par 50 d’entre eux, ce qui pourrait prendre des mois. Même s’il n’aura aucun impact sur les quelque 15.000 têtes nucléaires actuellement stockées dans le monde, le traité marque “une étape importante vers l’objectif universel d’un monde sans armes nucléaires”, a affirmé le secrétaire général de l’ONU, Antonio Guterres, lors de la cérémonie de signature en marge de l’Assemblée générale de l’ONU, en soulignant “l’inquiétude croissante” face au risque posé par ces armes… Lire ... Lire
  • nz New Zealand jet fuel ‘debacle’ disrupts election campaign and chokes off exports - New Zealand’s jet fuel crisis is worsening by the day with airlines restricting ticket sales, politicians limiting travel to essential flights only on some routes in the final days of the election campaign and all but the most critical exports halted. Rationing is set to continue for another week after a digger on Thursday struck the sole jet fuel, diesel and petrol supply pipe to Auckland, the country’s biggest city and major transport hub for international visitors. Three thousand people a day are being affected by cancelled domestic and international flights. Another 6,000 people will be impacted by delays or disruptions to normal service, Air New Zealand said, and it had taken the “unusual” step of restricting ticket sales to all but essential or compassionate travel to try and manage the shortage. As a result of ... Lire
  • pouvoirsafrique Tribune libre: Pour une réforme en profondeur du Franc CFA - Au début de ce mois de septembre 2017, s’est passé au Sénégal plus précisément à Saint Louis, ancienne capitale du Pays, un phénomène exceptionnel à savoir l’effondrement, suite à des intempéries, de la statue de Louis Faidherbe, ancien Gouverneur colonial Français. Pendant la même période, ironie de l’histoire, le Sénégal célébrait dans la même ville, un grand Résistant colonial du nom de Cheikh Ahmadou  Bamba, religieux visionnaire, stratège, dont l’une des prouesses encore saluée au-delà des frontières est d’avoir réussi, par la connaissance, la non-violence et la détermination à inculquer à  sa communauté, les mourides, le culte du travail et le compter sur soi. Ces deux évènements ne sont pas passés sous silence car survenus dans un contexte de débats animés parfois rudes entre pro et anti franc CFA avec ... Lire
  • bloom Bitcoin Crashes After Chinese Exchange Says It Will Halt Trading - Bitcoin fell for a fifth day, the longest losing streak in more than a year, after one of China’s largest online exchanges said it would stop handling trades by the end of the month amid a government crackdown on cryptocurrencies. BTC China will immediately stop accepting new account registrations on its BTCChina Exchange, Chief Executive Bobby Lee said Thursday in a tweet. The decision was made after “carefully considering” the Sept. 4 announcement by Chinese regulators that outlawed initial coin offerings, he said. The cryptocurrency has slumped as much as 27 percent since Sept. 7. It had risen more than four-fold this year amid greater acceptance of the blockchain technology that underpins the exchange method, global political uncertainty and increased interest in Asia… Read more : Bloomberg, 14.09.2017
  • guardian Greek oil spill forces closure of Athens beaches - An emergency operation is under way to clean up an oil spill from a sunken tanker that has blackened popular beaches and bays in Athens’ Argo-Saronic gulf. What had been thought a containable spill is being described by officials as an ecological disaster after thick tar and oil pollution drifted toward residential coastal areas. By Thursday, four days after the 45-year-old Agia Zoni II sank off Salamína island, mayors in suburbs south of the capital were forced to close beaches, citing public health risks. “This is a major environmental disaster,” said the mayor of Salamína, Isidora Nannou-Papathanassiou. “Clearly the danger [of pollution] was not properly gauged, the currents have moved the spill.” The vessel sank while at anchor in the early hours of Sunday. It was carrying 2,500 tonnes of fuel ... Lire
  • hindu Japan, India to deal with North Korea jointly: Shinzo Abe - Displaying strategic convergence, India and Japan on Thursday asked North Korea to shut down its nuclear and missile programmes. Both sides also hinted at Pakistan’s past involvement with North Korean nuclear and missile programmes and sought accountability of “all parties” who helped Pyongyang acquire nuclear technology even as Japan promised to help India deal with cross-border terrorism. “Japan and India will take firm steps against the challenges that have emanated from North Korea. We will force North Korea to roll back its recent aggressive moves. This is a message that I send out along with Prime Minister [Narendra Modi],” said Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, elaborating Japanese concerns about the recent test of a hydrogen bomb by Pyongyang, which also fired a long-range missile over the northern Japanese island of ... Lire
  • alj Halimah Yacob named Singapore’s first female president - An establishment figure has been named Singapore‘s first female president after a “walkover” election that saw no vote after no other contenders ran for the position. Halimah Yacob, a former speaker of parliament from the Muslim Malay minority, did not have to face an election for the largely ceremonial post originally due this month after authorities decided her rivals did not meet strict eligibility criteria. Yacob, 63, is expected to be sworn into office on Thursday. Yacob is Singapore’s first ethnic Malay president in 47 years since the late Yusof Ishak, who governed in the mid-1960s. Authorities had decided to allow only candidates from the Malay community to put themselves forward for the presidency, a bid to foster harmony in the city-state of 5.5 million people which is dominated by ethnic ... Lire
  • Abonnez-vous au bulletin GEAB et devenez parrain / marraine d’un étudiant - Chaque année, la rentrée académique est synonyme d’accueil de nouveaux étudiants. Vous êtes convaincu(e) de la nécessité d’accompagner les étudiants dans leur insertion professionnelle ? Choisissez autour de vous un jeune ayant besoin de repères géopolitiques et économiques et devenez son parrain ou sa marraine. Le laboratoire LEAP invite tous ses abonnés à parrainer un(e) étudiant(e) afin de lui offrir un abonnement gratuit d’une année académique au bulletin GEAB ! Cette offre étant valable à partir du 1er septembre pour l’ensemble de l’année académique, nous invitons donc les lecteurs qui ne se seraient pas encore abonnés ou réabonnés à le faire dès maintenant afin de permettre à leur étudiant de recevoir la totalité des bulletins! A votre disposition pour tout complément d’information au : geab@leap2020.net ————————————————— GEAB by LEAP, votre partenaire en temps de crise.
  • north k Commentary: The North Korean nuclear ‘crisis’ is an illusion - Although it has involved disturbing events — ballistic missile launches, nuclear weapons tests, military exercises, inane bombast — the North Korean “crisis” of recent months is largely an invented one. A year ago, the probability that North Korea would fire a nuclear-tipped missile at the United States was essentially zero; the North did not have the capability to make such an attack. Pyongyang has made technological advances since then. But despite what some analysts believe, others say there is no definitive, publicly available proof that North Korea has a missile with the range to strike the continental United States, a miniaturized nuclear warhead to mate with it, and the shielding technology to make sure the warhead survives the heat and pressure of reentry to the atmosphere. That doesn’t, of course, mean the show is harmless. ... Lire
  • defence Turkey’s S-400 deal may tip the Nato-Russia scale - Turkey’s deal to purchase two batteries of the Russian S-400 air defence missile system – estimated to be worth $2.5bn – has followed months of rumours surrounding the purchase and its resulting controversies. Until November 2015, reports suggested Turkey was showing an interest in purchasing Chinese air and missile defence system FD-2000. Then came reports that Turkey had cancelled this $3.4bn deal in favour of developing a long range missile defence system. While seemingly a respite for Nato countries, who at the time raised multiple objections to a Chinese partnership, the subsequent pivot towards Russia has proved an equally concerning move. The S-400 can detect track and destroying aircraft, drones, and cruise and ballistic missiles, undeniably enhancing Turkey’s the air defence capability in a significant way. The system has advanced radar system ... Lire
  • Russian soldiers yell at the Red Square during the Victory Day military parade general rehearsal in Moscow on May 7, 2016 / AFP / KIRILL KUDRYAVTSEV        (Photo credit should read KIRILL KUDRYAVTSEV/AFP/Getty Images) All quiet on the eastern front - In a gentleman’s club in the Lithuanian town of Visaginas, less than 30 kilometers from the Belarusian border, a group of men are playing pool. Some drink beer, others order glass flasks of vodka, and frustrated yet well-humored exclamations of “yolki palki”  — Russian for “darn it” — punctuate the clicks of billiard balls. I approach a short, broad Dagestani man. He works in municipal government, he says, but won’t tell me his name. Is he scared of his eastern neighbors, primarily Russia? In the silence, he takes a step closer toward me. Our stomachs are practically touching. Suddenly, he throws his head back and laughs. “Me? Afraid of Putin?” he asks incredulously. The international community has been on high alert in the run-up to the jointly organized Russia-Belarus Zapad 2017 military ... Lire
  • suisse If you want German trains, go to Switzerland - Anyone who has traveled by rail in Germany knows there is a huge disconnect between reputation and reality when it comes to punctuality and service. DW looks at who is to blame, and what can be done to fix it. “If you’re looking for German efficiency, go to Switzerland” – a joke well-worn with native born Germans and immigrants alike as they watch their train delays tick upwards from 15 minutes, to 45, to over an hour. Harried conductors are reluctant to offer help, and any attempt to rectify traffic dilemmas is slap-dash at best (such as putting an entire high-speed train’s worth of passengers into taxis during a recent technical failure). Hoards of angry customers, who have come to rely on the German rail’s vastly overrated self-image, sit around ... Lire
  • euobs EU brushes off UN criticism of Libya policy - The European Commission says it is working to help and protect migrants in Libya amid sharp criticism from the United Nations. An EU commission spokesperson on Monday (11 September) told reporters in Brussels that its work with the UN and its affiliated agencies on the ground in Libya is part of a greater effort to protect migrants and provide them with access to basic medial care. “We are working with the UN, extremely closely, with different agencies, precisely again to protect the migrants in Libya,” said Catherine Ray, who speaks on the behalf of the EU’s diplomatic arm, the European External Action Service (EEAS). She noted that the agencies are helping people to return to their home countries where they are aided with further assistance. The EU is also training ... Lire
  • macron fb From “Biancheri Athens 1998″ to “Macron Athens 2017″: Upgrading democracy takes 20 years - Emmanuel Macron’s recent speech in Athens puts on the table the great political challenges facing the EU. Rebuilding citizens’ trust, democratising the EU, opening the European election to trans-European lists, politically refounding the Eurozone… These ideas are truly echoeing another speech, delivered 20 years ago, in Athens too, by Franck Biancheri, at the time when, together with his road-companions, he was launching the Project Europe2020 (which gave birth to think tank Europe 2020, followed by LEAP2020). Not only are the ideas the same, but the deadline set to transform the EU the time was perfectly estimated: 20 years. As Nathalie Loiseau, the new French Minister of European Affairs, wrote when Franck passed away : “Franck was a sower. His ideas have germinated and leave a deep print in each of us. If his passing away is a ... Lire
  • kbs Séoul prépare des pourparlers avec Washington sur la répartition des frais pour la défense conjointe - La Corée du Sud s’est mise à préparer les négociations avec les Etats-Unis sur les frais liés à la présence de l’armée américaine sur son teritoire. Le ministère des Affaires étrangères se propose de nommer ce mois-ci l’ambassadeur chargé de discuter avec Washington sur la part que Séoul devrait assumer après 2019. Ces tractations sont prévues vers la fin de cette année. Les frais en question couvrent les salaires des employés sud-coréens travaillant dans les bases militaires américaines, les constructions dans ces sites ou l’approvisionnement militaire, entre autres. Les deux alliés ont signé jusqu’ici neuf traités sur ces depenses, dont le premier remonte à 1991… Lire la suite : KBS World, 11.09.2017