Revue de Presse

Global Systemic Crisis

  • scmp Chinese delegation to visit US for trade war talks as analysts doubt new round leading to resolution - US stock markets opened strongly on Thursday following news of a further round of trade talks between the US and China later this month, despite gloomy forecasts from observers as to whether the new round will lead to any sort of resolution. China’s commerce ministry announced earlier on Thursday that it had accepted an invitation for the talks from the US, and would be sending a delegation led by Commerce Vice-Minister Wang Shouwen. White House economic adviser Larry Kudlow confirmed that the US would receive the delegation later this month as the two countries seek to find a way out of an increasingly volatile trade war. In an interview with CNBC, Kudlow, the director of the National Economic Council, warned ahead of the talks that “the Chinese government, in its ... Lire
  • reuters U.S. tariffs to stay on Turkey, Qatar offers Ankara aid - The United States on Wednesday ruled out removing steel tariffs that have contributed to a currency crisis in Turkey even if Ankara frees a U.S. pastor, as Qatar pledged $15 billion in investment to Turkey, supporting a rise in the Turkish lira. The White House stance appeared to give Turkish authorities little incentive to work for the release of Andrew Brunson, a pastor on trial in Turkey on terrorism charges and whose case Turkish officials have said was a matter for the courts. The dispute is one of several between the NATO allies, including diverging interests in Syria and U.S. objections to Ankara’s ambition to buy Russian defence systems, that have contributed to instability in Turkish financial markets… Read more : Reuters, 15.08.2018
  • beijing Beijing ‘strongly dissatisfied’ as Donald Trump signs defence act upping US support for Taiwan and scrutiny of foreign companies - Beijing has condemned US President Donald Trump for signing an act committing to stronger military support for Taiwan and placing Chinese companies under closer scrutiny, saying the move will damage the countries’ ties. In a statement released on its website, the foreign ministry said Beijing was “strongly dissatisfied” with Trump signing the defence act. It said the US should “abandon its cold war mindset and zero-sum philosophy and view China and Sino-US relations in an objective perspective”. It urged the US not to implement the “negative contents related to China so as not to cause damages in Sino-US relations and bilateral cooperation in key areas”… Read more : SCMP, 14.08.2018
  • iran Iran’s Khamenei rejects Trump offer of talks, chides government over economy - Iran’s Supreme Leader on Monday rejected U.S. President Donald Trump’s offer of unconditional talks to improve bilateral ties and he also accused the Iranian government of economic mismanagement in the face of reimposed U.S. sanctions. Washington reimposed the sanctions last week after pulling out of a 2015 international deal aimed at curbing Iran’s nuclear programme in return for an easing of economic sanctions. Trump has also threatened to penalise companies that continue to operate in Iran. “I ban holding any talks with America… America never remains loyal to its promises in talks,” said Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who has the final say on policy in the Islamic Republic… Read more : Reuters, 13.08.2018
  • irishtimes Brexit: France to veto re-routed trade plan between Ireland and Europe - France will not accept a European Commission proposal to exclude French ports from a re-routed trade corridor between Ireland and mainland Europeafter Brexit, the government has said. At the moment much of Ireland’s trade with the continent goes via Britain in trucks. But with less than eight months to go until Britain leaves the European Union there is still little clarity on its future trade relations with the bloc, or the Republic’s Border with Northern Ireland. The new route advanced by the commission would connect Ireland by sea with Dutch and Belgian ports, including Zeebrugge and Rotterdam. French ports such as Calais and Dunkirk would be bypassed… Read more : Irish Times, 11.08.2018
  • monsanto Monsanto ordered to pay $289 million in California Roundup cancer trial - A California jury on Friday found Monsanto liable in a lawsuit filed by a man who alleged the company’s glyphosate-based weed-killers, including Roundup, caused him cancer and ordered the company to pay $289 million in damages. The case of school groundskeeper Dewayne Johnson was the first lawsuit alleging glyphosate causes cancer to go to trial. Monsanto, a unit of Bayer AG following a $62.5 billion acquisition by the German conglomerate, faces more than 5,000 similar lawsuits across the United States. The jury at San Francisco’s Superior Court of California deliberated for three days before finding that Monsanto had failed to warn Johnson and other consumers of the cancer risks posed by its weed killers… Read more : CNBC, 10.08.2018
  • bloom Erdogan Defiant While Turkey Slips Toward Financial Crisis - Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is showing no signs of backing down in a standoff with the U.S. that rattled markets. As investors worry about Turkey sliding toward a full-blown financial crisis, the big question now is how far the pain may spread. “I call out to those in the United States. It is a shame. You are trading a strategic NATO ally for a pastor,” Erdogan said Saturday during a rally in the Black Sea port of Ordu, referring to the U.S. decision to sanction Turkey for its imprisonment of an American priest. “You cannot tame our people with threats.” A plunge in the lira on Friday sent tremors through global markets as tensions flared between the NATO allies. At one point, the currency fell as much as 17 percent against ... Lire
  • usatoday Pentagon plans to launch Trump’s Space Force as a separate armed service - Vice President Mike Pence announced Thursday that the Pentagon plans to launch a Space Force, embarking on an effort to create the first armed service since 1947. In June, President Donald Trump called for the establishment of the sixth armed service, to join the Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, Navy and Coast Guard. Thursday’s plan, which requires authorization and funding from Congress, would develop forces to defend satellites from attack and perform other space-related tasks. China and Russia are the nation’s primary rivals in space. “The time has come to establish the United States Space Force,” Pence said. The force would be created by 2020, Pence said. Before that, the Pentagon plans to assemble the U.S. Space Command, which would be led by a four-star officer and draw forces from the other armed services. A 15-page proposal ... Lire
  • MANCHESTER, ENGLAND - SEPTEMBER 21:  A press photographer checks the back of his digital camera as Gloria De Piero, Shadow Women and Equalities Minister, delivers her speech on the opening day of the Labour Party Conference on September 21, 2014 in Manchester, England. The four-day annual Labour Party Conference officially opens in Manchester today and is expected to attract thousands of delegates with keynote speeches from influential politicians and over 500 fringe events.  (Photo by Oli Scarff/Getty Images) Online photos can’t simply be re-published, EU court rules - Internet users must ask for a photographer’s permission before publishing their images, even if the photos were already freely accessible elsewhere online, the European Court of Justice ruled Tuesday. “The posting on a website of a photograph that was freely accessible on another website with the consent of the author requires a new authorisation by that author,” the EU’s top court said in a statement. The court had been asked to decide on a case in Germany, in which a secondary school student downloaded and used a photo that had been freely accessible on a travel website for a school project. The photo was later posted on the school’s website as well… Read more : Politico, 07.08.2018
  • bloom U.S.-Iran Sanctions Give China Lead in World’s Top Gas Field - China National Petroleum Corp. is expected to take the lead on a $5 billion project to develop Iran’s share of the world’s biggest gas deposit, taking over from France’s Total SA, which halted operations after U.S. President Donald Trump reimposed sanctions on the Islamic Republic. State-owned CNPC, which joined a consortium with Total and Iran’s Petropars Ltd. in 2016 to develop Phase 11 of the South Pars Gas field, is set to increase its stake in the project from the current 30 percent. Total had originally agreed to take a 50.1 percent interest. CNPC will become the lead operating partner, the state-run Islamic Republic News Agency reported, citing Mohammad Mostafavi, National Iranian Oil Co.’s investments and business head. Terms of the contract haven’t yet officially changed, according to Shana, the Oil Ministry’s news service. Calls ... Lire
  • scmp China’s air force quietly adds new J-16 fighter jets to ‘push the envelope’ - China’s expanding line-up of multirole, all-weather J-16 fighter jets will help the air force to launch strikes deep into enemy territory and destroy key strategic assets like airfields and bridges, military analysts say. While it is not as advanced as the new J-20 – officially named Weilong, or powerful dragon – the Shenyang J-16 will become a key part of PLA Air Force operations and any strategy against Taiwan or to deter US military intervention, they said. China’s air force announced last week that a squadron of J-16s would soon be combat ready. Based on the Russian Sukhoi-30 fighter jet, the J-16 was introduced around 2012 to 2013 but did not make its official debut until a year ago, during a military parade marking the 90th anniversary of the People’s Liberation Army. Powered ... Lire
  • alj Five-nation deal paves way for tapping Caspian riches - The leaders of Russia, Kazakhstan, Iran, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan have signed a landmark deal on the legal status of the resource-rich Caspian Sea, taking a big step towards resolving 22 years of dispute with the prospect of massive financial gains. The five nations sharing the Caspian coastline agreed in the Kazakh city of Aktau on Sunday to treat the largest inland body of water in the world as a lake and a sea at the same time. Defining it a lake would mean the Caspian should be divided equally among the five countries. But if it’s a sea, then each state gets a share in proportion to the length of its shoreline… Read more : Aljazeera, 12.08.2018
  • pompeo Pompeo announces $113 million in new US initiatives in ‘Indo-Pacific’ - Building on President Donald Trump’s “Indo-Pacific” strategy, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Monday announced $113 million in new regional investments focused on technology, energy and infrastructure. The announcement comes at a time when trade frictions with China have given U.S. trade diplomacy a sharper edge. A senior U.S. official said the investments were not aimed at countering China’s Belt and Road Initiative, which consists of mostly state-led infrastructure projects linking Asia, parts of Africa and Europe… Read more : CNBC, 30.7.2018
  • dw Iranian protesters attack Islamic school as sanctions loom - There is growing anger in Iran over rising inflation and the plunging value of the currency, the rial. The rising tensions come against the backdrop of looming US sanctions that are due to take effect on Tuesday. Anti-government demonstrators in several cities stretched into a fourth day in Iran, with protesters attacking an Islamic seminary west of the capital, Tehran, according to Iranian news agencies and social media reports on Saturday. The protests come amid looming US sanctions, many of which are set to be reimposed on Tuesday. Hundreds took to the streets across the country Friday night, including in Tehran, Isfahan, Shiraz, Mashhad and Karaj, according to videos on social media… Read more : Deutsche Welle, 04.08.2018
  • hurriet Turkish inflation rises to 15.85 pct in July - The annual inflation in Turkey surged to 15.85 in July, according to official data released on Aug. 3. “A rise in general index was realized in Consumer Price Index [2003=100] in the previous month by 0.55 percent, in December of the previous year by 9.77 percent, in same month of the previous year by 15.85 percent and in the 12 months moving averages basis by 12 percent in July 2018,” the Turkish Statistical Institute (TÜİK) said in its statement. Core inflation, which excludes volatile items such as food, energy and gold, was 15.1 percent in July, up from 14.6 percent… Read more : Hurryiet Dailynews, 03.08.2018
  • dw Russian meddling in Greece divides traditional Orthodox allies - As Orthodox Christian nations on the frontiers of Europe, Russia and Greece have long enjoyed close ties. The recent name dispute with Macedonia, however, has led to a falling out between the two countries. It sounds like a plotline straight out of a James Bond film, but in reality, it’s fueled a diplomatic row between former friends. Russian diplomats in Greece were caught last month attempting to bribe local politicians, businessmen and powerful Orthodox priests from the Athos monastery to influence the outcome of the name dispute between Greece and its northern neighbor, Macedonia. In an escalation of tensions, Greece responded by denouncing the four Russian diplomats involved in the scheme. “The Greek government seeks good relations with all states, but we will not accept behavior that violates international law and undermines the Greek ... Lire
  • oilprice Was The Aramco IPO Destined To Fail? - Since late 2016 the financial media has been abuzz about what would likely be the biggest initial public offering (IPO) ever: The sale of 5 percent of the world’s largest oil company, Saudi Aramco, which is wholly owned by the government of Saudi Arabia. The IPO with its required disclosures would shed light on the inner workings of the company for the first time since it was nationalized in 1980 and lead to independent verification of its oil reserves and other assets. It would be a large first step in unmasking the murky world of national oil companies (NOCs), the reserves of which are thought to represent 90 percent of the world’s total reserves of oil and natural gas according to one estimate. With estimates that Saudi Aramco is worth $2 ... Lire
  • alj Iran’s currency plunges to record low as US sanctions loom - Iran’s currency has plunged to another record low, dropping past 100,000 rials to the US dollar, as Iranians brace for August 7 when the United Statesis due to reimpose the first batch of sanctions on their economy. In May, Washington pulled out of a landmark 2015 deal between world powers and Tehran under which international sanctions on Iran were lifted in return for curbs on its nuclear programme. The US government decided to reimpose sanctions on Iran upon its withdrawal, accusing it of posing a security threat, and has told countries they must halt all imports of Iranian oil from November 4 or face US financial measures… Read more : Aljazeera, 29.07.2018
  • dw Mafia murders shock Serbia, reveal web of corruption - A prominent lawyer who defended Slobodan Milosevic was murdered on a Serbian street. The 19th such killing this year, the crime has cast suspicion on the region’s nefarious web of corruption at high levels. Respected lawyer Dragoslav Ognjanovic was gunned down over the weekend in front of his apartment in what the Belgrade press called an “ambush.” His 26-year-old son was also wounded in the attack. Ognjanovic helped defend former Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, during the early 2000s when he stood trial accused of having committed war crimes. The lawyer is now the 19th victim of gang-related crime in Serbia this year. So far, no arrests have been made in the case. In previous years, Ognjanovic counted some of Serbia’s most notorious mafia figures among his clients. His murder sparked a weeklong protest by ... Lire
  • iceland Iceland Wants Foreigners to Stop Buying Its Land - A little over a century ago, a young woman named Sigridur Tomasdottir threatened to throw herself into the icy gorge of Iceland’s iconic Gullfoss waterfall in a bid to stop English businessmen from turning it into a hydroelectric dam. In the end, the proto eco-warrior was able to hold on to her life — the leasing contract was canceled, allegedly because the money failed to turn up on time — and the Golden Falls are today one of the country’s biggest tourist attractions. Iceland’s first environmentalist prime minister, Katrin Jakobsdottir, has now picked up Tomasdottir’s baton by railing against foreign investors who have been purchasing vast swathes of the north Atlantic island’s pristine wilderness… Read more : Bloomberg, 01.08.2018
  • bestof geab 2018 GEAB Bestof – Eté 2018 - Le Laboratoire Européen d’Anticipation Politique – LEAP vous a préparé un numéro spécial du bulletin GEAB, une “Edition Bestof été 2018″, composée d’extraits de ce que les lecteurs ont jugé être les meilleurs articles des 10 derniers numéros du Global Europe Anticipation Bulletin. Europe, Moyen-Orient, Inde, Arctique, gouvernance, nouvelle finance, énergies, innovations, changement de paradigme… ce numéro spécial résume bien une année d’anticipations, une rétrospective utile à la période de décantation que chaque été offre aux rédacteurs et aux lecteurs du GEAB dans leur travail de mise en perspective de l’actualité mondiale. Rendez-vous sur geab.anticipolis.eu pour lire en entier le GEAB Bestof été 2018.
  • Russian President Vladimir Putin, left, Chinese President Xi Jinping, center, Egypt's President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi wave the hands during the group photo session, ahead of Dialogue of Emerging Market and Developing Countries, on the sidelines of the BRICS summit in Xiamen, Fujian province in China, Tuesday, Sept. 5, 2017.(Kenzaburo Fukuhara/Pool Photo via AP) La “guerre commerciale” de Trump sera au coeur du sommet des Brics - Les dirigeants des Brics (Brésil, Russie, Inde, Chine, Afrique du Sud) se retrouvent de mercredi à vendredi pour un sommet annuel à Johannesburg, où la “guerre commerciale” engagée par Donald Trump devrait monopoliser les débats. En amont de cette réunion, les puissances émergentes avaient donné le ton en dénonçant en juin le “protectionnisme” des Etats-Unis qui “mine la croissance mondiale”. Officiellement, ce 10e sommet – en présence des présidents russe Vladimir Poutine, chinois Xi Jinping, brésilien Michel Temer, sud-africain Cyril Ramaphosa et du Premier ministre indien Narendra Modi – doit débattre de la “Collaboration en vue d’une croissance inclusive et d’une prospérité partagée”. Mais “la spécificité du sommet” de Johannesburg, c’est “le contexte” dans lequel il se tient, a expliqué la semaine dernière le ministre russe de l’Economie, Maxime Orechkine… ... Lire
  • satellite Galileo satellite launch brings European GPS closer - Europe’s very own version of GPS is a big step closer to completion today with the launch of four more Galileo navigation satellites. The constellation now comprises 26 satellites, with 24 being the magic number needed for full services to begin. The quartet were launched on an Ariane 5 rocket from Europe’s spaceport in French Guiana, and will reach an orbit of 23,000 kilometres. “With this launch the Galileo project is coming of age,” says Euronews’ Jeremy Wilks. “This is a a civilian-owned, free to use high accuracy European version of the American military’s GPS. “So what does this mean for you and me – well, if you have a recent smartphone or a new car, then you’re already using the Galileo signal, which is entirely compatible with GPS and ... Lire
  • trends BCE: Statu quo monétaire en vue sur fond de crainte de guerre commerciale - La Banque centrale européenne devrait maintenir jeudi le cap adopté en juin d’un resserrement monétaire par étapes, malgré les tensions commerciales qui risquent de peser sur la santé de l’économie mondiale. Les gardiens de l’euro se réunissent au lendemain de négociations à Washington entre le président de la Commission européenne Jean-Claude Juncker et le président américain Donald Trump, qui ont désamorcé la crise née des tarifs douaniers imposés par les Etats-Unis. MM. Trump et Juncker ont pris une série de décisions dans l’agriculture, l’industrie et l’énergie dont la portée exacte reste à confirmer. M. Trump a parlé d’un “grand jour” pour le libre-échange et a évoqué une “nouvelle phase” dans les relations entre Washington et Bruxelles. “Nous sommes parvenus à un accord aujourd’hui”, a déclaré M. Juncker… Lire la suite : ... Lire
  • The Busride Lab and Design Fabric present the India Futures Project - The India Futures Project – the latest collaboration between Design Fabric and The Busride Lab – aims to create a culture map for India for the year 2035. Using the power of collaboration, immersive storytelling, detailed visualisation and Futures education, The Busride Lab is currently working at putting together an army of students, designers, engineers and architects to embrace this common vision. The symbiotic project will re-examine the glorious past alongside current trends to create a better India in the future. From statues that double up as e-waste mining centres to hoardings with seeds that turn into green landscapes, the utopian future we envision together looks inviting, to say the least… Read more : DesignFabric.in, 28.07.2018
  • cnbc Second-quarter GDP jumps 4.1% for best pace in nearly four years - Gross domestic product grew at a solid 4.1 percent pace in the second quarter, its best pace since 2014, boosting hopes that the economy is ready to break out of its decade-long slumber. The number matched expectations from economists surveyed by Reuters and was boosted by a surge in consumer spending and business investment. Stock market futures edged lower on the news while government bond yields moved lower. That’s the fastest rate of the growth since the 4.9 percent in the third quarter of 2014 and the third-best growth rate since the Great Recession. In addition to the strong second quarter, the Commerce Department revised its first-quarter reading up from 2 percent to 2.2 percent… Read more : CNBC, 27.07.2018
  • brexit The British public now backs a second Brexit referendum - British voters now back a second Brexit referendum, according to a new poll. Support for a second referendum on the UK’s EU membership has risen gradually as the chances of a no-deal Brexit rise and as Brussels rejects large parts of Theresa May’s Brexit proposals outlined in the Chequers agreement. Voters were asked by YouGov for a Times poll this week whether there should be a second referendum on the final terms of any Brexit deal. It found that 42% of the public supports a referendum on whether to accept or reject the final Brexit deal that May brings back from Brussels. Forty per cent opposed the plan, while 18% didn’t know… Read more : Business Insider, 27.07.2018
  • oilprice Bypassing The World’s Key Oil Chokepoints - The suspension of oil shipments through the strait of Bab el-Mandeb this week by Saudi Arabia, coming shortly after a threat by Iran to shut the strait of Hormuz, raised a lot of questions about the vulnerability of the oil trade to just a handful of chokepoints around the world. But what are countries and oil producers doing to alleviate that risk? In a previous article, I detailed the top 4 chokepoints that pose a risk to oil supplies. Let’s look now at some of the projects and schemes intended to work around those chokepoints… Read more : Oilprice, 29.07.2018
  • reuters Why is Saudi halting oil shipments through the Red Sea? - Saudi Arabia announced last week it was suspending oil shipments through the Red Sea’s Bab al-Mandeb strait after Yemen’s Iran-aligned Houthis attacked two ships in the waterway. To date, no other exporters have followed suit. A full blockage of the strategic waterway would virtually halt shipment to Europe and the United States of about 4.8 million barrels per day of crude oil and refined petroleum products. Western allies backing a Saudi-led coalition fighting the Houthis in Yemen expressed concern about the attacks, but have not indicated they would take action to secure the strait. That would risk deeper involvement in a war seen as a proxy battle for regional supremacy between Saudi Arabia and Iran… Read more : Reuters, 30.07.2018
  • guardian Steve Bannon plans foundation to fuel far right in Europe - Steve Bannon has announced plans to establish a foundation in Europe that he hopes will fuel the spread of rightwing populism across the continent. Donald Trump’s former chief advisor in the White House told the Daily Beast that he wanted to offer a rightwing alternative to George Soros’s Open Society Foundation, which has given away $32bn to largely liberal causes since it was established in 1984. “Soros is brilliant,” Bannon told the website. “He’s evil, but he’s brilliant.” The foundation, which Bannon said would be called The Movement, will offer polling, advice on messaging and data targeting and research to a network of rightwing parties across Europe that are enjoying a significant surge in support… Read more : The Guardian, 21.07.2018
  • immigrants Italy to take in migrants after all - Italy has announced a U-turn on migrants, amid wider confusion on fiscal and foreign policy. “Italy will guarantee the landing in their ports of all the people saved by the military ships” of Operation Sophia (an EU naval mission off the coast of Libya), Italian foreign minister Enzo Moavero Milanesi said in Berlin on Monday (22 July)… Read more : EUObserver, 24.07.2018
  • elpais Spain does U-turn on Cuba and Venezuela in favor of dialogue - The Spanish government is changing its relationship with Venezuela and Cuba. The new Socialist Party (PSOE) Prime Minister, Pedro Sánchez, has decided to end the hard line followed by his predecessor Mariano Rajoy, of the Popular Party (PP), in favor of a new climate of “dialogue.” The decision was relayed by Foreign Minister Josep Borrell this week to his Venezuelan counterpart, Jorge Arreaza, at a summit in Brussels. A high-ranking official from the Spanish ministry met with Cuba’s deputy foreign minister, Abelardo Moreno, to convey a similar message… Read more : El Pais, 19.07.2018
  • guardian The far-right doesn’t have to win to set the legislative agenda - Across Europe, parties that have won less than one-quarter of the national vote are redefining the parameters of public debate and bringing ideas and policies that were once beyond the pale into the mainstream. Since 2015, when nativist parties began to chalk up impressive electoral triumphs from Provence to Pennsylvania, there has been much hand-wringing among establishment politicians and left-wing voters in Europe and the United States. Some breathed a sigh of relief after Emmanuel Macron’s 2017 victory over Marine Le Pen and the Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte’s defeat of Geert Wilders, taking solace in the refrain: “At least they didn’t win.” … Read more : The Guardian, 23.07.2018
  • iran Iran becomes India’s second largest oil supplier, ahead of Saudi Arabia - Iran was the second–biggest oil supplier to Indian state refiners between April and June,oil minister Dharmendra Pradhan said on Monday… Read more : Times of India, 23.07.2018
  • trump Crise géopolitique : l’Otan, une organisation moribonde - L’Otan est toujours là, bien sûr, mais uniquement faute de mieux. Tout le monde veut s’en débarrasser : les Européens qui souhaitent une défense européenne[1], Donald Trump qui exige des Européens qu’ils participent davantage à leur défense… Le tout se combine en un processus lent dans lequel l’Otan continue à encombrer la piste européenne pendant que les Européens tergiversent entre plusieurs stratégies : . augmenter leur quote-part[2] et acquérir un droit à la parole équivalent à celui des États-Unis au sein de l’Otan (voire singulariser une Otan européenne à terme)[3]. Une stratégie qui, pour avoir des chances de succès, nécessite une grande cohésion dans le camp européen, et on en est bien loin aujourd’hui ; . faire avancer un projet de défense européenne sur la base de quelques pays uniquement en dehors de ... Lire
  • crise agricole L’autonomie alimentaire mondiale menacée par les investissements et les besoins chinois - L’un des symptômes de l’ouverture systémique créée par la Commission qui pourrait représenter un danger pour la sécurité alimentaire européenne est l’acquisition de terres agricoles par des investisseurs étrangers, en particulier chinois. En effet, les investissements de l’Empire du milieu dans des terres agricoles étrangères ont bondi au cours de ces dernières années. Ils totalisent au moins 94 milliards de dollars entre 2010 et 2017, dont presque la moitié ces deux dernières années, et plus de la moitié en Europe selon un baromètre établi par deux associations états-uniennes : American Enterprise Institute et Heritage Foundation[1]. Entre 2014 et 2016, Reward Group, un conglomérat chinois présent dans l’agroalimentaire, la chimie, l’immobilier et l’hôtellerie, a acquis 1 700 ha de terres à blé dans le Département de l’Indre, en France. À la fin de 2017, il ... Lire
  • cnbc China says its second-quarter GDP growth was 6.7%, meeting expectations - China on Monday posted second-quarter GDP growth of 6.7 percent from a year ago, slightly lower than 6.8 percent in the first quarter of 2018 as Beijing has been cracking down on risky credit amid escalating trade tensions with the U.S. The official reading was in line with expectations from analysts polled by Reuters. The headline figure was no surprise as any impact from current U.S.-China trade scuffles will only factor in the second half of the year, said Fraser Howie, an independent analyst. There may be a bumpy ride ahead as China’s economy is not impervious to external threats, he added. “China’s economy can be knocked, and when it comes to trade, it influences a lot of sectors, a lot of jobs associated with it. Net export sheds are a small percent of GDP but your brain is only 3 percent of your body ... Lire
  • reuters EU pushes China on trade, saying it could open up if it wanted - China could open its economy if it wished, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker said on Monday, with the European Union calling on countries to avoid a trade war even as pressure mounts on Beijing over its industrial policies. Playing host to Juncker and European Council President Donald Tusk, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang stressed the need to uphold free trade and multilateralism as the United States and China become increasingly mired in a trade dispute, with no sign of negotiations on the horizon. U.S. President Donald Trump has warned he may ultimately impose tariffs on more than $500 billion worth of Chinese goods – nearly the total amount of U.S. imports from China last year – to combat what the U.S says are Beijing’s trade abuses… Read more : Reuters, 16.07.2018
  • alj Why the Eritrea-Ethiopia peace is good for African politics - Diplomats from Ethiopia and Eritrea are calling it a “joint declaration of peace and friendship” but that innocuous name is masking what may be one of the most important political changes in East Africa in the past 20 years. With a simple, five-pillar agreement the presidents of Ethiopia and Eritrea, which were once one country but were bitterly divided by one of Africa’s most expensive and devastating conflicts, jointly declared its end. It is very easy to be sceptical of the peace declaration given the region’s history of unremitting conflict and political false starts. The Derg regime, which came to power in Ethiopia in 1974 following the ousting of Emperor Haile Selassie, was supposed to mark the end of imperial rule in the country, but in no time itself became a violent, bloody regime. After ... Lire
  • dw Women’s rights in Tunisia: Could first female mayor signal democratic change? - Last week, the Tunisian capital elected Souad Abderrahim its first female mayor in the first city elections since the Arab Spring. Could her victory signify a new direction for Tunisia’s formerly Islamist Ennahda party? Tunisia exhibits the most progressive stance on women’s rights in the Arab world: In recent decades women have begun to work outside the home in every career field, last year the Tunisian government made it legal for Muslim women to marry non-Muslim men, and a parliamentary bill is currently being drafted that would guarantee women equal inheritance rights. The push for women’s rights can be traced back to 1956, when Habib Bourguiba, Tunisia’s first president, signed a series of liberal laws called the Code of Personal Status that abolished polygamy and forced marriage, and enshrined legal protections for women in cases of divorce… ... Lire
  • brexit Brexit – why can’t we just swipe left? - It’s like watching a train wreck, in slow motion, with 3D and Dolby surround sound. The resignations of Boris Johnson and David Davis from the British cabinet have finally thrust into the open what the dogs in the street have known since the Brexit referendum of 2016. Namely, the promises of the Brexit cheerleaders – such as Johnson and Davis – are unachievable, totally unrealistic and are based on a strangely nostalgic view of British history rather than on the realities facing Britain today. No doubt, in the coming days Boris and co. will step back into the Churchill playbook and seek to stir the nation with tales of betrayal, broken promises and the secret machinations of the EU super state. A covert organisation which, in their minds, is at ... Lire
  • dw Opinion: A NATO summit in Donald Trump’s parallel universe - The United States did not break from NATO, but President Donald Trump sent wildly conflicting messages at the Brussels summit. The uncertainty over the future of the alliance still remains, says DW’s Barbara Wesel. It’s worth taking a close look at US President Donald Trump’s behavior at the NATO summit. Over breakfast, the US president was unrestrained in his criticism of Germany, saying the country was reliant on Russian gas imports and citing some false figures along the way. During the plenary session, he suddenly called on fellow alliance members to spend 4 percent of GDP on defense, rather than the agreed-upon 2 percent. Shortly thereafter, he raised the prospect of a bilateral meeting with Chancellor Angela Merkel over German cars, migration and Russian President Vladimir Putin, saying the two had a ... Lire
  • alj Erdogan vows to advance Turkey under new governance system - Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has hailed the beginning of a new chapter in the country’s history in his inauguration address, while promising improvements in “every” area. His comments on Monday came shortly after taking the oath of office to become Turkey’s first executive president with increased powers after his election victory last month. “In the new era, Turkey will improve in every field, including democracy, fundamental rights, freedoms, economy and large investments,” Erdogan said in his speech at the presidential palace in the capital, Ankara… Read more : Aljazeera, 09.07.2018
  • London City. Modern skyline of business district. Paris attend plus de 3500 banquiers de la City - Le premier ministre a présenté mercredi de nouvelles mesures devant encourager les financiers à s’installer dans la capitale après le Brexit. Paris continue à dérouler le tapis rouge pour les banquiers de la City. Lors d’un dîner de gala organisé mercredi soir au Quai d’Orsay par Paris Europlace, Édouard Philippe, le premier ministre, a détaillé devant un parterre de 250 banquiers internationaux une nouvelle série de mesures devant les encourager à s’installer dans la capitale après le Brexit. Certaines sont destinées aux financiers ayant des enfants. Dès la rentrée de septembre, plus de 1000 places supplémentaires seront ouvertes dans les lycées internationaux et les sections internationales. Et une École … Lire la suite : Le Figaro, 11.07.2018
  • cnbc Brazil judge blocks order to release Lula from prison ahead of vote - Brazilian Judge Sergio Moro stymied another judge’s effort on Sunday to release jailed former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, highlighting the legal battle around the country’s most popular politician ahead of this year’s presidential election. Moro, who sent Lula to prison in April for a bribery conviction, said that the appeals court judge lacked authority to issue an order freeing the former president for campaigning in the run-up to the October vote. Polls suggest the leftist icon could win a third term, but Brazilian electoral law forbids politicians from running for office within eight years of being found guilty of a crime… Read more : CNBC, 08.07.2018
  • wp With hugs, leaders of rivals Ethiopia, Eritrea finally meet - Espousing love between their two countries, the leaders of longtime adversaries Ethiopia and Eritrea agreed Sunday to restore diplomatic relations after nearly 20 years and to open the border between their neighboring Horn of Africa countries. Ethiopia’s reformist new Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed arrived in Eritrea’s capital and was welcomed with hugs and laughter by Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki, a joyous scene unthinkable just months ago. After being cheered by crowds in Asmara, Eritrea’s capital, and holding private meetings, the two leaders attended a dinner and announced new measures.. Read more: Washington Post, 08.07.2018
  • bloomb Theresa May Wins Cabinet Backing for U.K. Soft Brexit Blueprint - U.K. Prime Minister Theresa May won a crucial victory over pro-Brexit cabinet colleagues on Friday, as her government backed a wide-ranging plan to keep close trade ties with the European Union after leaving. The pound rose and the country’s main business lobby welcomed the proposal. May also stamped her authority on her Cabinet, warning colleagues that if they criticize government policy they must resign. Following a day of talks in her country residence, May’s Cabinet signed off on a blueprint for a new U.K.-EU “free trade area,” with interwoven customs regimes, and identical regulations for industrial and agri-food goods. There was no such plan for the country’s huge services sector, and London-based banks were warned they will lose their current levels of access to the EU market. New arrangements will seek to preserve ... Lire
  • oilprice The Most Overlooked Renewable Energy Source - Battery-powered electric vehicles have been stealing the spotlight from fuel cell vehicle technology, despite the fact that the latter has been around for a decade or two longer than battery EVs. Fuel cell vehicles are powered by the most abundant element in the Universe and the Solar System—hydrogen. But technology costs and the handling of hydrogen, as well as high upfront investment costs for hydrogen station infrastructure, have been the major roadblocks to hydrogen-powered cars. Now the global race to reduce carbon emissions and use sustainable energy has rekindled the debate on whether fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) can carve out a niche in the ‘green mobility’ market and overcome the cost and scale challenges to become a player in the energy transition. In recent years, many hydrogen energy initiatives ... Lire
  • draghi ECB ‘in denial’ over Draghi role in G30 – EU Ombudsman - The European Union’s Ombudsman on Thursday again accused the European Central Bank of maladministration for failing to address concerns about the involvement of ECB President Mario Draghi in the G30 group of financiers and economists. The European Union’s Ombudsman on Thursday again accused the European Central Bank of maladministration for failing to address concerns about the involvement of ECB President Mario Draghi in the G30 group of financiers and economists. “The ECB’s reply to the Ombudsman’s recommendations was not satisfactory. It remained in denial regarding the implications of the membership of its President in the G30 and refused to improve its applicable rules and procedures,” the Ombudsman said… Read more : Channelnewsasia, 05.07.2018
  • oilprice Can China Save Venezuela’s Collapsing Oil Industry? - China is throwing Venezuela a lifeline, although it is unlikely to pull the country back from the abyss. China Development Bank will reportedly invest $250 million in Venezuela’s Orinoco Belt in an effort to stave off the decline of the country’s heavy oil production. That comes as China is also mulling a much larger $5 billion investment plan in Venezuela. Venezuela’s oil production has fallen by more than half in the last few years, with output down to just 1.36 million barrels per day in June, according to the IEA. The investment from China does not come from mere altruism. Venezuela has been sending China several hundred thousand barrels per day of oil for several years as repayment for past loans. But the catastrophic decline of Venezuela’s oil production threatened those shipments. ... Lire